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## Re: Final Call for Papers: IMECS 2006 (the multiconference of 14 enginee

 Subject: Re: Final Call for Papers: IMECS 2006 the multiconference of 14 engineering & scientific computing conferences "ACE" 29 Mar 2006 12:33:15 -0800 sci.astro
 ```SUBJECT: GRAVITY IS NOT A FORCE PLANETS ORBIT THE SUN AT A SPECIFIC MEAN RADIUS L TO CONSERVE TOTAL ENERGY. THE FORCE OF GRAVITY IS AN ILLUSION Copyright 1984-2004 Allen C. Goodrich ISBN 0-9644267,LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CAT.CARD NO.94-90554 Gravitational effect is the result of an acceleration of mass. Galileo demonstrated this. Newton assumed that this was caused by a force of gravity between all masses. Was this a correct assumption? Einstein and many other scientists felt that there must be more to gravitation than an attraction at a distance. Action at a distance was considered to be impossible in the absence of a transfer of energy at the speed of light. Hubble then showed that the distant Galaxies were moving away from the earth and that the universe was expanding in all directions. If this is true , What else must be true? 1. The potential energy of the rest of the universe must be decreasing relative to the mass of the earth. It has long been assumed that the first law of thermodynamics, which says that the total energy of the universe is a constant, was a fact of nature. If this is true what then. 2. The kinetic energy of the universe must be increasing at the same rate that the potential energy is decreasing as the universe expands. How is this possible? Masses must be accelerating, because, kinetic energy change is the result of an acceleration. But all orbital masses are accelerating toward the center of the earth or some other mass. Why would this occur otherwise? 3. Orbital motion could then be the result of the expansion of the universe. The Gravitational illusion could be the result. Based on the first law of thermodynamics The total mass energy of the universe is a constant. (total kinetic (mass) energy plus total potential energy is a constant). m(2 pi L)^2 / t^2 + G (M-m)m / L = A constant. m is any mass say that of the earth. >From this equation the equation Delta m (2 pi L)^2 / t^2 = - Delta G (M-m)m/L follows mathematically. >From this equation the equation Delta m 4 pi^2 L^2 /t^2 = Delta - G (M-m)m / L or the modified Newton equation for gravity can be derived,but only when L is the orbital distance. The earth orbit is a result of an energy equilibrium, ( the absence of a change of total energy ) and not the result of a force of gravity between masses. Force of gravity is the resulting illusion, falsely assumed by Newton to be a force. If a planet (say earth) moved away from the sun its potential energy would decrease as L increased. Its kinetic energy would decrease because it is no longer accelerating toward the sun in orbital motion. Total energy would have to decrease. A very great change of total energy would have to take place. POTENTIAL ENERGY = G(M-m)m/L KINETIC ENERGY = m(2 pi L)^2/t^2 m(2 pi L)^2/t^2 + G(M-m)m/L = A constant = M G= Gravitational constant; M = total energy of the universe (or effective universe) ; m = mass in question. t = time ; L = radial distance. No mechanism exists for this to occur rapidly. So it could not happen. The magnitudes of kinetic and potential energies of planets and moons travelling in orbital motion are equal and any increase or decrease of orbital distance L results in an equal change in magnitude of both.This is the only value of L where no change of total energy will occur if the value of L changes. At any other distance L, an increase of kinetic energy will be at a different rate than potential energy decreases. Orbital motion conserves total energy. Force of gravity isn't needed to explain orbital motion or any other motion at a distance. GRAVITY MECHANICS AND RESEARCH ON ASTRONOMICAL OCEAN TIDES Copyright 1984 to 2002 Allen C. Goodrich An examination of United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Tidal Data, which was gathered by extensive measurements over long periods of time,was compared with astronomical data showing the phases of the moon at corresponding times for many years. This correlation of the two sets of data revealed a very interesting fact, in a manner that had never before been mentioned in the literature. It is invariably and exactly the lowest tide that exists directly under the full and new moons at deep ocean ports. TABULATED co-op.nos.noaa.gov and space.jpl.nasa.gov DATA: OCEAN TIDES AND PHASES OF THE MOON AT DEEP OCEAN PORT- MYRTLE BEACH LOWEST TIDE (YEARS 1992 AND 1993) 1992 FULL MOON---1992 NEW MOON (at moons highest point in the sky) DATE---TIME(std)-DATE---TIME(std) Mar.18--12:00Mid-Mar.3---12:00Noon Apr.17--12:00Mid-Apr.2---12:00Noon May.17--12:00Mid-May.2---12:00Noon Jun.15--12:00Mid-Jun.29--12:00Noon July.13-12:00Mid-July.29-12:00Noon Aug.12--12:00Mid-Aug.27--12:00Noon Sept.11-12:00Mid-Sept.26-12:00Noon Oct.11--12:00Mid-Oct.26--12:00Noon Nov.10--12:00Mid-Mov.25--12:00noon Dec.10--12:00Mid-Dec.25--12:00noon 1993 FULL MOON---1993 NEW MOON (at moons highest point in the sky) DATE---TIME(sdt)-DATE---TIME(sdt) Jan.8--12:00Mid--Jan.24-12:00Noon Feb.6--12:00Mid--Feb.21-12:00Noon Mar.8--12:00Mid--Mar.23-12:00Noon Apr.6--12:00Mid--Apr.21-12:00Noon May.6--12:00Mid--May.20-12:00Noon Jun.4--12:00Mid--Jun.19-12:00Noon July.3-12:00Mid--Juy.18-12:00Noon Aug.2--12:00Mid--Aug.17-12:00Noon Sep.1--12:00Mid--Sep.16-12:00Noon Sep.30-12:00MId--Oct.15-12:00Noon Oct.30-12:00Mid--Nov.14-12:00Noon Nov.29-12:00Mid--Dec.13-12:00Noon Dec.28-12:00Mid--Jan.12-12:00Noon This was a very interesting discovery because current physics,based on the gravitational theory, discussed in the following U.S.Gov. documents: PREDICT THE OCEAN TIDES http://co-ops.nos.noaa.gov/restles1.html SEE PHASES OF THE MOON FROM EARTH http://space.jpl.nasa.gov/ ,would lead one to believe that,except for many possible reasons, the highest tides tend to be under the full and new moons. The dictionary and encyclopedia as well as physics texts predict this with pictures of the earth and oceans bulging on the side facing the full moon. Of course it never happens as the gravitational theory predicts, and many reasons are given for the discrepancies. CONCLUSION: No discrepancies were found in the occurence of exactly the lowest tide directly under the full and new moons, at deep ocean ports. A lowest tide also occurs on the earth's ocean directly opposite the new and full moons. SIGNIFICANCE: One must admit that this is beyond question one of the most important discoveries of modern physics research. It indicates that a change must be made in the theory of gravitation. One can no longer assume that a force between the moon and the water of the earth's oceans, is causing the ocean tides. The force of gravity must be an illusion caused by some other, more basic, reason. What would this be? If the total energy ( kinetic and potential ) of the universe is assumed to be a constant,from this fundamental equation, many interesting things follow. If the rest of the universe is expanding ( potential energy decreasing) relative to masses, the masses must be shrinking ( increasing in kinetic energy ) (gravitation) relative to the rest of the universe. THE FIRST LAW OF MOTION-(GOODRICH) Copyright 1984 to 2002 ALLEN C. GOODRICH A body (m) continues in a state of rest (equilibrium) or motion in a straight or curved line (equilibrium) as long as no change occurs in its total (kinetic and potential) energy, relative to the rest of the effective universe (M-m), Delta m(2 pi L)^2/t^2 = - Delta K(M-m)m/L equilibrium = no change in the total energy relative to the rest of the effective universe (M-m). ^ = to the power of. Orbital motion complies with this equation. This equation is derived from the fundamental equation of the universe which states that the total energy of the universe is a constant. The sum of kinetic and potential energies is a constant. m(2 pi L)^2/t^2 + K(M-m)m/L = A constant. INERTIA AND MOMENTUM are the properties of a mass that evidence its reluctance to change its total energy, or it is its need to maintain a constant total energy. If it could more easily obtain or lose energy, it would have less inertia or momentum. SEE THE UNIVERSE- A GRAND UNIFIED THEORY OF MASS ENERGY SPACE TIME FRAME MECHANICS-APPEARING IN NEWSLETTER "SPECTRUM" OF THE BUFFALO ASTRONOMICAL ASSOCIATION INC. NOV.1996 TO FEB.1997 See http://ourworld.cs.com/gravitymechanic2/myhomepage/business.html FUNDAMENTAL EQUATION OF THE UNIVERSE http://ourworld.cs.com/gravitymechanic2/myhomepage/profile.html TIDES AND GRAVITY MECHANICS http://ourworld.cs.com/gravitymechanic2/myhomepage/resume.html A new theory of gravitation is given, which predicted, stimulated the above research,and is consistent with, the new findings. The universe has been found to be expanding at an accelerating rate as predicted in 1984 by this new theory. THE VELOCITY OF LIGHT IS AN ILLUSION Copyright 1984 to 2004 Allen C. Goodrich The Nichelson - Morley experiment proved this. An expanding universe of constant total mass-energy is continually decreasing in potential energy and increasing in kinetic energy. Any change of kinetic energy relative to the rest of the universe,would be accompanied by an equal but opposite sign change of its potential energy relative to the rest of the universe. LIGHT is a change of this rate of change of the potential energy of the rest of the universe relative to a particular part ,say the electron of the atom,as it changes kinetic energy. Only the part of the universe that is at the proper relative energy density, direction, distance and frequency,relaive to the rest of the universe will be effected by the light (change of the rate of change of potential energy).. Because the relative rate of expansion of the rest of the universe, relative to the particle, say electron of the atom, is the velocity of light, any particle at a distance from the kinetic enery change must expand to the proper energy density before it can sense, or be effected by, the light ,change in the rate of potential energy change, in this expanding universe.This presents the illusion of the velocity of light.Time is required for the energy transfer to take place at a distance because of the need for expansion. The rate of volumetric acceleration,expansion, is a function of energy density in a universe of constant total energy. A negative kinetic energy change of a mass,is a positive potential energy change of the rest of the effective universe relative to a mass of the proper frequency,direction distance L and time change t (density), in the expanding universe. This is consistent with the first law of thermodynamics, which conserves total energy. The L/t is currently falsely assumed to be a velocity of light. This explains the T.R. Young two slit interference pattern. Light is not a particle, it is a positive potential energy change of the entire universe, that can become a positive kinetic energy change of a mass such as the electron if the frequency, direction, distance L and time change t (density) are correct. SEE THE UNIVERSE- A GRAND UNIFIED THEORY OF MASS ENERGY SPACE TIME FRAME MECHANICS-APPEARING IN NEWSLETTER "SPECTRUM" OF THE BUFFALO ASTRONOMICAL ASSOCIATION INC. NOV.1996 TO FEB.1997 See http://ourworld.cs.com/gravitymechanic2/myhomepage/business.html FUNDAMENTAL EQUATION OF THE UNIVERSE http://ourworld.cs.com/gravitymechanic2/myhomepage/profile.html TIDES AND GRAVITY MECHANICS http://ourworld.cs.com/gravitymechanic2/myhomepage/resume.html A new theory of gravitation is given, which predicted, stimulated the above research,and is consistent with, the new findings. The universe has been found to be expanding at an accelerating rate as predicted in 1984 by this new theory. ELECTROMAGNETIC ,PHOTON AND CHARGE EFFECTS. ARE DEFINED IN THE FOLLOWING BOOK.-- THE UNIVERSE:--Allen C. Goodrich THE SOLAR SAIL Copyright 1984 to 2005 Allen C. Goodrich The Solar Sail, which is being tested by Russia and the United States, for possible propulsion in interstellar space travel, is additional evidence that no change of potential energy to kinetic energy of the photon takes place unless the potential energy is absorbed .The photon does not have mass ( kinetic energy). A change of direction of the photon's potential energy can occur at the reflective surface but no potential to kinetic energy change takes place there. A change of potential to kinetic energy takes place at the black absorption surface.which has the correct frequency response as well as direction and density (time ) in the expanding universe.This is evidence that the photon is potential not kinetic energy.The light photon does not have mass or kinetic energy.until the photon is absorbed by a mass of the correct frequency response as well as direction and density (time ), no potential to kinetic energy change can take place.in the expanding universe, in the absence of a mass.. ```
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