Magma: Created by Planetary Elongation and High Rotation
By: Jon Riley B.A., Toronto, Canada, y343181@xxxxxxxxx, telephone
All planets or moons that have active volcanoes with magma, such
as Earth and Io, have a satellite or is a satellite. A second factor
is needed for magma, a similar mass of planet and satellite. The third
factor needed for planets or moons to have magma is a high rotation
speed. Both Earth and Io rotate at high speeds. Earth rotates in 24
hours and Io in 1.7 days. All other satellites and planets in our
solar system rotate at roughly 15 days and have zero volcano activity.
See table 1.
all pictures at http://www.kfcircuits.com/magma3.pdf
The old theory of where magma comes from is that there is pressure
on the planet from itself. This is not possible if other planets or
moons similar to Earth have no volcanoes and magma. If this were true,
the planets of Mars and Venus would have active volcanoes.
Table 1: Rotation Speeds of Planets and Moons
planet or moon rotation speed - days
earth's moon 0
Mars (no large
Jupiter(no large .41354
Since high rotation is needed for the creation of magma, looking
at table one, it is noted that all planets of moons with low rotation
speeds have zero volcanic activity. And Earth and Io have high
rotation speeds giving way to volcanic activity. Mars has a satellite
with a rotation speed of 1.05 days and would therefore have magma but
the two moons of Mars are very small with a mass of Deimos at 1.8 x
10^15 kg and Phobos at 1.08 x 10^16 kg compared to the mass of
Earth's Moon Luna at 7.36 x 10^22 kg. Earth's Moon Luna would have
magma if it rotated but does not rotate. Jupiter has a high rotation
speed at .41354 days but does not have a moon with similar mass.
Looking a figure 1 one can see that the planet is forced to be
elliptical with high rotation giving way to the Earth' s crust bending
with friction and creating magma.
The tides on earth have two low and two high. In the same way
tides exist due to the elongation of the planet by the moon. Old
faithful in Yellowstone Park has a period similar to the moon's tide
but stems from the earth magma. Since the tides of Earth and magma of
Earth have similarities, Earth's moon, Luna, creates both. Old
Faithful has almost a daily burst to the hour. However, the Luna
rotates every 27.5 days around the Earth. Therefore in days the number
is 27.5/30 in a month of 30 days. Equal to .916 days, that is, for
every Earth day, Luna rotates .916. Old Faithful is active every .916
days showing that Luna is the source of activity. As said earlier a
third factor is needed, high rotation of the planet. As Earth rotates
in 24 hours in the elongation of a .916 day of Luna, friction is given
on the crust giving magma and energy for Old Faithful.
If the planet's magma is set from elongation and high rotation,
the core of the planet would be different than what is known as having
a Crust, Mantle and Inner Core. The new theory would apply to the inner
core as being solid not magma-like. Going to the planet's surface,
the planet would have just one layer of magma near the planet's
crust. See Figure 2. With the elongation and high rotation theory,
the inner area of the planet is known as the Seed Core with a Magma
Layer and Crust.
In theory if the high rotation of a planet and being with a
satellite creates magma other variables must result. The magnetic
force of Earth's two magnetic poles must also be from these two
factors. As the planet rotates with a moon the planet acts as a giant
turbine creating a magnetic current and two poles. In theory all
planets and moons with elongation and high rotation, will have magnetic
poles and planets and moons without will have none.
Sun's Hot Surface
It is possible in theory that if the large planets such as Uranus,
Jupiter and Saturn give the Sun elongation and with the Sun's
rotation at 25 days as being a high speed since the Sun's mass is
large, the hot surface with solar flares maybe the result of elongation
and high rotation speed. A high tide on Earth is when the Moon, the
Sun and Earth line up to force the waters of the ocean at high levels.
In the same way over a greater distance, the large planets of this
solar system may force the Sun into elongation and create a hot
surface. Earth's magma and the Sun's liquid surface maybe the
result of elongation and high rotation.